This state resource locator contains information on the beneficial use of industrial byproducts for the state of Virginia. Also included are EPA and private industry resources.
Virginia Beneficial Use Policy
Beneficial use is managed by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VADEQ) through the Virginia Solid Waste Management Regulations, §9 Virginia Administrative Code (VAC)20-80-60, §9VAC20-80-150, and §9VAC20-80-160. §9VAC 20-80-150.E.1.a of the Virginia Solid Waste Management regulations allows an exclusion for materials that are used or reused, or prepared for use or reuse, as an ingredient in an industrial process to make a product, or as effective substitutes for commercial products or natural resources provided the materials are not being reclaimed or accumulated speculatively.
Applicable Virginia Agency/Division
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEP) Solid Waste Program.
Virginia Definition of Beneficial Use
Beneficial use means a use which is of benefit as a substitute for natural or commercial products and does not contribute to adverse effects on health or environment.
Materials Approved for Beneficial Use
Below is a listing of materials and beneficial uses that have been approved either on a case-by-case or pre-approved basis. This list of pre-approved and case-by-case uses is not an exhaustive list of all materials being beneficially used in a state. Some states also may have additional materials in use under a statutory exemption or through allowances in state rules. Before implementing the beneficial use of any material, you should contact the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEP) Solid Waste Program. You may be required to submit an application form, implement certain management practices, provide periodic reports or meet other requirements. (Click on the approved material to find other states that have also approved this material.)
- Auto Shredder Residue: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Circulating Fluidized Bed Ash: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Circulating Fluidized Bed Ash: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Coal Bottom Ash: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Coal Bottom Ash: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Coal Fly Ash: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Coal Fly Ash: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Construction and Demolition Debris: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Construction and Demolition Debris: Asphalt/Aggregate/Cement/Concrete Manufacture
- Contaminated Soil: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Contaminated Soil: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Drinking Water Treatment Sludge - Lime: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Flue Gas Desulfurization Sludge: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Flue Gas Desulfurization Sludge: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Foundry Sand - Chemically Bonded Sands: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Foundry Sand - Green Sands: Asphalt/Aggregate/Cement/Concrete Manufacture
- Foundry Sand - Green Sands: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Gypsum Wallboard: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Pulp and Paper Wastes All By-products: Cover
- Slag - Foundries: Roads/Structural Base
- Slag - Foundries: Production of insulation
- Slag - Steel: Construction Fill/Structural Base
- Vegetative Waste/Hurricane Debris: Land Application/Soil Amendment
- Waste Tires: Landfill Uses, Such as Daily Cover
- Waste Tires: Drainage Applications
- Waste Tires: Fuel
- Wood Ash: Construction Fill/Structural Base
More Virginia Information
- The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) 2006 Beneficial Use Survey Report (11/2007). ASTSWMO’s Solid Waste Subcommittee established the Beneficial Use Task Force (Task Force) to study how States are managing requests to use non-hazardous, industrial solid wastes rather than dispose of them in landfills. The Task Force’s primary goal is to collect and share information that will assist States and Territories in developing or improving programs and processes to handle these requests.
- Associated General Contractors of America Environmental Services. AGC provides environmental information, networking opportunities and effective advocacy for construction professionals. AGC publishes on-point articles and fact sheets on key environmental actions, deadlines, requirements and initiatives that may impact the construction industry. AGC organizes an annual Contractors Environmental Conference and holds educational webinars on hot topics. In addition, AGC regularly disseminates environmental news via social media on Twitter (@AGCEnvironment). AGC sponsors and contributes to the Construction Industry Compliance Assistance Center, which is the association’s “go-to” resource on federal and state environmental requirements that affect construction activities. AGC advocates on behalf of its members in the regulatory and legislative arenas. AGC invites its members to join its Environmental Forum to stay informed, connect and take action on critical issues.
- EPA’s Methodology for Evaluating Beneficial Uses of Industrial Non-Hazardous Secondary Materials presents their approach for evaluating a wide range of industrial non-hazardous secondary materials and their associated beneficial uses.
- Northeast Waste Management Officials Beneficial Use Determination Database. A password-protected tool for state environmental regulators, this national database contains a compilation of approved state beneficial use determinations (BUDs).
- Industrial Resources Council. The Industrial Resources Council’s website is an information portal to help project designers, engineers, landscapers and other professionals achieve sustainability goals. Information is provided for the following wastes types: coal combustion products, foundry sands and slags, iron and steel slag, C&D materials, scrape tires, and pulp and paper industry materials.
- Construction Materials Recycling Association (CMRA). CMRA promotes the safe and economically feasible recycling of the more than 325 million tons of recoverable construction and demolition (C&D) materials that are generated in the United States annually. Use their locator tool to find a recycler in your state.
Last update: 9/15/2010